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Key takeaways

  • CBD vape pens are portable devices designed specifically for vaporizing CBD extracts or e-liquids.
  • CBD e-liquids are also known as CBD vape juice or CBD vape oil.
  • CBD e-liquids often come in a variety of flavors to enhance the vaping experience.
  • CBD vape pens and CBD e-liquids are two different components of the same overall method of consumption—vaporizing CBD.
  • CBD oil is a hemp extract, while vape juice is a liquid designed for e-cigarettes.

CBD vape pens provide a discreet and convenient method for consuming cannabis products. In this article, we will distinguish between CBD vape pens and CBD e-liquids.

What are CBD vape pens?

CBD vape pens are portable devices designed specifically for vaporizing CBD extracts or e-liquids. Similar in design to traditional vape pens, CBD vape pens consist of a battery, a heating element (atomizer or coil), and a chamber to hold CBD-infused e-liquid or concentrate. These pens offer a convenient and discreet method for individuals to consume CBD.

Key features of CBD vape pens

  1. CBD E-Liquid or Concentrate: CBD vape pens are used with specially formulated CBD e-liquids or concentrates. These products often contain CBD extracted from hemp plants and may come in various flavors.
  2. Inhalation Method: Users activate the CBD vape pen by pressing a button or inhaling, causing the heating element to vaporize the CBD-infused substance. The vapor is then inhaled through a mouthpiece.
  3. Quick Absorption: Vaping allows for rapid absorption of CBD into the bloodstream through the lungs, providing relatively quick relief for those seeking immediate effects.
  4. Discreet and Portable: CBD vape pens are compact and portable, making them convenient for on-the-go use. They are often used in situations where discreet consumption is preferred.
  5. Variety of Options: CBD vape pens come in various styles, shapes, and sizes, catering to different preferences. Some are disposable, while others are rechargeable and refillable.
  6. Precise Dosage: CBDVape pens allows users to control the dosage more precisely compared to some other consumption methods, making it easier for individuals to adjust their CBD intake.

What are CBD E-liquids?

CBD e-liquids, also known as CBD vape juice or CBD vape oil, are specially formulated liquids designed for use in vaporization devices, such as vape pens or e-cigarettes. These e-liquids contain CBD.

Key features of CBD e-liquids

  1. CBD Content: CBD e-liquids contain varying concentrations of CBD, allowing users to choose products that align with their preferred dosage and individual needs.
  2. Base Ingredients: The base of CBD e-liquids usually consists of a combination of propylene glycol (PG) and vegetable glycerin (VG), creating a liquid suitable for vaporization. Some products may use alternative bases for individuals with specific preferences or sensitivities.
  3. Flavors: CBD e-liquids often come in a variety of flavors to enhance the vaping experience. Common flavors include fruit, mint, dessert, or natural hemp flavor. The inclusion of terpenes or natural plant compounds can contribute to the overall flavor profile.
  4. Nicotine-Free: CBD e-liquids are typically free from nicotine, making them suitable for individuals who do not wish to consume nicotine but still want to enjoy the benefits of CBD through vaporization.
  5. Convenient Consumption: Vaporizing CBD through e-liquids offers a discreet and convenient method of consumption. It allows for quick absorption of CBD into the bloodstream through the lungs, providing potential therapeutic effects.

CBD vape pens vs. CBD e-liquids

CBD vape pens and CBD e-liquids are two different components of the same overall method of consumption—vaporizing CBD. Here are the key distinctions between CBD vape pens and CBD e-liquids:

A CBD vape pen refers to the entire handheld device used for vaporizing substances, including CBD. It typically includes a battery, a heating element (atomizer or coil), and a chamber for holding the CBD-infused substance. While CBD e-liquids, also known as CBD vape juice or CBD vape oil, are the liquids specifically formulated for use in vaporization devices. They contain CBD, base ingredients (often propylene glycol and vegetable glycerin), and flavorings.

Frequently asked questions

Is CBD vape better than CBD oil?

Vaping offers higher bioavailability, ensuring more efficient absorption (60% compared to 30-40% with sublingual tinctures). This means a more effective delivery of the compound into your body when choosing the vaping method.

Is CBD oil the same as vape juice?

The major difference lies in their composition – CBD oil is a hemp extract, while vape juice is a liquid designed for e-cigarettes. CBD oil is typically ingested orally, while vape juice is inhaled through vaping devices.

Can you put CBD juice in any vape pen?

Using your typical CBD oil in a vape pen may lead to the vaporization of the carrier oil, posing potential dangers. It is advisable to opt for pre-made cartridges of CBD vape juice or specialized e-liquids to minimize the risk of contamination. To safely vape CBD oil, it is essential to acquire dedicated CBD e-liquids or cartridges.

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Sources

  1. Czégény, Z., Nagy, G., Babinszki, B., Bajtel, Á., Sebestyén, Z., Kiss, T., Csupor-Löffler, B., Tóth, B., & Csupor, D. (2021). CBD, a precursor of THC in e-cigarettes. Scientific Reports, 11. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-88389-z
  2. Dai HD, Subramanian R, Mahroke A, Wang M. Prevalence and Factors Associated With Vaping Cannabidiol Among US Adolescents. JAMA Netw Open. 2023;6(8):e2329167. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2023.29167
  3. Leas, E. C., Moy, N., McMenamin, S. B., Shi, Y., Benmarhnia, T., Stone, M. D., Trinidad, D. R., & White, M. (2021). Availability and Promotion of Cannabidiol (CBD) Products in Online Vape Shops. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(13). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18136719

Key takeaways

  • CBD oils are typically consumed sublingually (under the tongue) for faster absorption, but they can also be added to foods, beverages, or applied topically in the form of creams or balms.
  • CBD gummies have a quicker onset of effects compared to gummies.
  • The natural taste of CBD oils may be a drawback for some users.
  • Gummies are pre-dosed, allowing users to easily know their CBD intake, and their digestion results in a slower release into the bloodstream, potentially leading to a longer-lasting effect.
  • CBD gummies are ideal for travelers or individuals who prefer not to measure each CBD dose.

CBD comes in various forms, such as oils, edibles, topicals, and vapes. In this article, we'll delve into the potential distinctions and similarities between CBD oils and edibles. Exploring their unique characteristics can help users make informed choices based on preferences, desired effects, and ease of consumption.

What are CBD oils?

CBD oils are products that contain CBD, a compound derived from the Cannabis sativa plant. CBD is one of over a hundred cannabinoids found in cannabis, and it is non-psychoactive, meaning it doesn't produce a "high" or intoxication commonly associated with another cannabinoid, THC.

CBD oils are typically made by extracting CBD from the hemp variety of the cannabis plant. Hemp-derived CBD contains low levels of THC, usually less than 0.3%, complying with legal limits in many places. The extraction process often involves using solvents like CO2 or ethanol to isolate CBD from the plant material. The resulting CBD extract is then mixed with a carrier oil (such as MCT oil or hemp seed oil) to create CBD oil.

People use CBD oils for various reasons, including potential health benefits. Some claim that CBD may help with conditions such as anxiety, insomnia, chronic pain, and inflammation. However, it's important to note that while there is promising research, scientific evidence supporting these claims is still evolving, and CBD's effects can vary among individuals.

CBD oils come in various concentrations and forms, allowing users to choose products that suit their preferences and desired effects. They are typically consumed sublingually (under the tongue) for faster absorption, but they can also be added to foods, beverages, or applied topically in the form of creams or balms.

Key features of CBD oils include:

  1. CBD Content: CBD oils contain CBD, a non-psychoactive compound extracted from the Cannabis sativa plant. The CBD content is specified on the product label, allowing users to control their dosage.
  2. Hemp-Derived: CBD oils are often derived from hemp plants, which contain low levels of THC, the psychoactive compound found in cannabis.
  3. Carrier Oil: CBD is mixed with a carrier oil (such as MCT oil, hemp seed oil, or olive oil) to create the final product. The choice of carrier oil can influence the flavor and absorption rate.
  4. Versatility: CBD oils offer versatility in consumption. They can be taken sublingually (under the tongue) for faster absorption, added to beverages or food, or used in cooking.
  5. Precise Dosage Control: CBD oils typically come with a dropper, allowing users to measure and control the amount of CBD they consume with precision.
  6. Quick Onset: When taken sublingually, CBD oils have a quicker onset of effects compared to other forms of CBD, as they bypass the digestive system and enter the bloodstream directly.
  7. Wide Range of Concentrations: CBD oils are available in various concentrations, catering to users with different needs and preferences.
  8. Third-Party Testing: Reputable CBD oil manufacturers often provide third-party lab testing results, ensuring transparency and confirming the accuracy of CBD content and the absence of contaminants.

What are CBD Gummies?

CBD gummies are edible, chewable products infused with CBD. These gummies offer a convenient and enjoyable way to consume CBD, making them a popular choice among individuals who may find other forms of CBD, such as oils or capsules, less appealing.

Key features of CBD gummies include:

  • CBD Content: CBD gummies contain a specific amount of CBD per gummy, allowing users to easily manage their dosage. The CBD used in these products is typically derived from hemp plants, which contain low levels of THC.
  • Taste and Flavor: CBD gummies come in various flavors and shapes, making them more suitable for those who may not enjoy the natural taste of CBD. Common flavors include fruity varieties, like strawberry, cherry, or citrus.
  • Ease of Consumption: CBD gummies also offers a discreet and easy way to incorporate CBD into a daily routine. They can be consumed without the need for water or additional tools, making them a portable and convenient option.
  • Slow Release of CBD: Once ingested, CBD gummies are broken down in the digestive system, releasing the CBD gradually into the bloodstream. This slow release can result in a longer-lasting effect compared to some other forms of CBD.

CBD oils vs. Gummies

  1. Method of administration: CBD oils and gummies are two popular forms of CBD products, each offering distinct characteristics. CBD oils are typically taken sublingually, providing faster absorption into the bloodstream and precise dosage control with a dropper. They have a quicker onset of effects compared to gummies and can be versatilely mixed with beverages or food.
  2. Flavors and taste: The natural taste of CBD oils may be a drawback for some users. On the other hand, CBD gummies come in various flavors, making them a tastier option, and they are convenient with no need for additional tools.
  3. Dosing: Gummies are pre-dosed, allowing users to easily know their CBD intake, and their digestion results in a slower release into the bloodstream, potentially leading to a longer-lasting effect. Gummies also offer discreet consumption and come in diverse forms, providing a variety of options.

CBD oils vs. gummies, which is better?

The choice between CBD oils and gummies depends on personal preferences, lifestyle, and desired effects, with some individuals preferring the quick onset and precision of CBD oils, while others opt for the taste, convenience, and portability of gummies.

When deciding between CBD oil and gummies, the choice often comes down to convenience. CBD gummies are ideal for travelers or individuals who prefer not to measure each CBD dose. Those seeking a more potent product may opt for CBD oil due to its higher bioavailability and quicker onset time.

Frequently asked Questions

Are CBD edibles better than oil?

CBD oil is often considered more effective than CBD edibles due to higher bioavailability, indicating a greater amount of CBD absorption and utilization. Bioavailability in edibles can be lower based on consumption methods, impacting the efficiency of CBD uptake into the bloodstream.

Can CBD oil be used as a drug?

A prescribed CBD oil demonstrates efficacy as an anti-seizure treatment. Yet, more research is required to ascertain its additional benefits and safety. CBD is a compound present in marijuana that warrants further investigation for its potential uses.

Who Cannot take CBD oil?

For those contemplating or using CBD products, it's crucial to inform their healthcare provider, especially if they are on other medications or have existing medical conditions like liver or kidney disease, epilepsy, heart issues, a compromised immune system, or are taking medications that may suppress the immune system.

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  5. What Is Ayurveda, And Is It For Me?

Sources

Rapin, L., Gamaoun, R., Hage, C. E., Arboleda, M. F., & Prosk, E. (2021). Cannabidiol use and effectiveness: Real-world evidence from a Canadian medical cannabis clinic. Journal of Cannabis Research, 3. https://doi.org/10.1186/s42238-021-00078-w

Sholler, D. J., Schoene, L., & Spindle, T. R. (2020). Therapeutic Efficacy of Cannabidiol (CBD): A Review of the Evidence from Clinical Trials and Human Laboratory Studies. Current Addiction Reports, 7(3), 405. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40429-020-00326-8

VanDolah, H. J., Bauer, B. A., & Mauck, K. F. (2019). Clinicians’ Guide to Cannabidiol and Hemp Oils. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 94(9), 1840-1851. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2019.01.003

Moltke, J., Hindocha, C. Reasons for cannabidiol use: a cross-sectional study of CBD users, focusing on self-perceived stress, anxiety, and sleep problems. J Cannabis Res 3, 5 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s42238-021-00061-5

Key takeaways

  • CBD may increase or reduce appetite depending on your health status, dosage and mode of administration.
  • CBD interacts with the endocannabinoid receptors to modulate appetite.
  • Researchers discovered that CBD often increase appetite in people undergoing treatments such as chemotherapy, where a loss of appetite is a common side effect.
  • Sublingual administration (under the tongue) is often considered a quicker method compared to oral ingestion.
  • Taking CBD before meals may potentially enhance the enjoyment of food.
  • Conditions that cause appetite suppression or enhancement may influence how an individual responds to CBD.
  • The quality of the CBD product, including its source, extraction methods, and third-party testing for purity, can impact its overall effectiveness and safety.

The interaction between CBD and the endocannabinoid system plays a critical role in controlling cognitive processes, including hunger and appetite. Research indicates that CBD may have varying effects on appetite, depending on the dosage and the user's health condition. In this article, we will explore the potential roles of CBD in promoting appetite and how to maximize its benefits.

How CBD may affect appetite?

The relationship between CBD and appetite is complex and not fully understood. The effects of CBD on appetite may be influenced by various factors, and the available research provides mixed findings. Here are some ways in which CBD may potentially affect appetite:

  1. Stimulating Appetite: Some studies and anecdotal evidence suggest that CBD may increase appetite in certain situations. This effect is often observed in individuals undergoing treatments such as chemotherapy, where a loss of appetite is a common side effect. The potential for CBD to stimulate appetite could be beneficial for those who struggle with eating due to medical conditions or treatments.
  2. Appetite Suppression: There is also evidence to suggest that CBD may have an appetite-suppressant effect. Research in animals has shown that CBD can reduce food intake and weight gain. However, these findings may not directly translate to humans, and more research is needed to understand the specific mechanisms at play.
  3. Modulating the Endocannabinoid System: CBD interacts with the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which plays a crucial role in regulating various physiological processes, including appetite. The ECS consists of cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2) and endocannabinoids produced by the body. CBD may modulate the activity of these receptors, influencing appetite and metabolism.
  4. Balancing Hormones: CBD may affect hormones related to appetite regulation. For example, it has been suggested that CBD could influence ghrelin and leptin, two hormones associated with hunger and satiety.

Factors that determine CBD’s effect on appetite

CBD’s effect on appetite can be influenced by various factors, and individual responses may vary. Here are some key factors that can determine how CBD might affect appetite:

  1. Dosage: The dosage of CBD can have a significant impact on its effects. Low doses may produce different effects than higher doses. Starting with a lower dose and gradually increasing, if needed, allows individuals to assess their tolerance and response.
  2. Individual Biochemistry: Each person's body reacts differently to substances, including CBD. Factors such as metabolism, body weight, and overall health can influence how CBD interacts with the endocannabinoid system and, subsequently, its effects on appetite.
  3. Cannabinoid Profile (Full Spectrum vs. Isolate): CBD products may be classified as full-spectrum or isolate. Full-spectrum products contain a range of cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds found in the cannabis plant, potentially enhancing the "entourage effect." Isolate products contain only pure CBD. The presence of other cannabinoids may influence how CBD affects appetite.
  4. Administration Method: The way CBD is consumed can impact its bioavailability and onset of effects. Common methods include oral ingestion (oils, capsules, edibles), inhalation (vaping), and topical application. Sublingual administration (under the tongue) is often considered a quicker method compared to oral ingestion.
  5. Timing of Consumption: When you take CBD in relation to meals or other activities may affect its impact on appetite. Some individuals prefer taking CBD before meals to potentially enhance the enjoyment of food.
  6. Health Conditions: Underlying health conditions can play a role in how CBD affects appetite. For instance, conditions that cause appetite suppression or enhancement may influence how an individual responds to CBD.
  7. Quality and Purity of CBD Product: The quality of the CBD product, including its source, extraction methods, and third-party testing for purity, can impact its overall effectiveness and safety.

Frequently asked questions

Can CBD cause lack of appetite?

No, CBD modulates appetite by interacting with hormones and the endocannabinoid system. In various clinical trials, CBD has consistently shown to reduce appetite, body weight, or body mass index.

Can CBD be used to increase appetite?

Contrary to causing the "munchies," CBD doesn't typically induce increased appetite. However, when incorporated into food, beverages, or used as medication, CBD may enhance appetite indirectly. It is known to alleviate nausea and promote a calming effect on the nervous system and digestive tract, potentially leading to an increased desire to eat.

How long does CBD stay in your body?

The presence of CBD in the body varies depending on the consumption method. CBD sprays may linger for 10 hours to around 2 days, chronic oral use could result in a presence lasting 10 to 25 days, and after smoking, CBD might remain detectable in the system for approximately a week.

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  2. How To Boost Your Mood In Six Quick Ways
  3. CBD for Gut Health
  4. Why Flavored CBD Is Low Quality
  5. What Is Ayurveda, And Is It For Me?

Sources

  1. Wang, Z., Wang, X., Li, J., Gong, Y., Li, Q., Bu, X., Lai, W., Wang, Y., Liu, Y., Yao, C., Mai, K., & Ai, Q. (2023). Effects of cannabidiol on growth performance, appetite, antioxidant capacity and liver inflammatory gene expression of juvenile large yellow croaker (Larmichthys crocea) fed diets with high soybean oil level. Aquaculture, 574, 739658. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2023.739658
  2. Pinto, J. S., & Martel, F. (2022). Effects of Cannabidiol on Appetite and Body Weight: A Systematic Review. Clinical Drug Investigation, 42(11), 909-919. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40261-022-01205-y
  3. Riggs PK, Vaida F, Rossi SS, Sorkin LS, Gouaux B, Grant I, Ellis RJ. A pilot study of the effects of cannabis on appetite hormones in HIV-infected adult men. Brain Res. 2012 Jan 11;1431:46-52. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2011.11.001. Epub 2011 Nov 7. PMID: 22133305; PMCID: PMC6200580.
  4. Pinto, J. S., & Martel, F. (2022). Effects of Cannabidiol on Appetite and Body Weight: A Systematic Review. Clinical Drug Investigation, 42(11), 909-919. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40261-022-01205-y
  5. Pinto JS, Martel F. Effects of Cannabidiol on Appetite and Body Weight: A Systematic Review. Clin Drug Investig. 2022 Nov;42(11):909-919. doi: 10.1007/s40261-022-01205-y. Epub 2022 Oct 1. PMID: 36180814; PMCID: PMC9525229.

Key takeaways

  • Refrigerating CBD oil is generally not necessary, but it can extend its shelf life.
  • Refrigeration may cause CBD oil to thicken, making it more challenging to dispense, so it's essential to bring it to room temperature before use.
  • High-quality CBD oils stored in a cool, dark place away from sunlight can have a shelf life of approximately 12 to 24 months.
  • CBD is sensitive to light, especially sunlight and UV rays.
  • Exposing CBD to light and heat may accelerate the degradation process of CBD oils.
  • Temperatures ranging from 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit (15 to 21 degrees Celsius) are suitable for storing CBD oils.
  • CBD oil can expire.

Choosing the right method for storing CBD oils can be challenging, especially considering factors like heat and UV radiation that can affect their quality. While refrigeration is a common preference, it may pose challenges. This article will explore effective ways to store CBD oils for optimal effects.

Can I refrigerate my CBD oil?

Refrigerating CBD oil is generally not necessary, but it can extend its shelf life. CBD oil is best stored in a cool, dark place, away from direct sunlight. Refrigeration may cause the oil to thicken, making it more challenging to dispense, so it's essential to bring it to room temperature before use. Always check the product label or manufacturer's recommendations for specific storage instructions.

What is the shelf life of CBD oils?

The shelf life of CBD oil varies based on factors such as the type of oil, extraction method, additional ingredients, and storage conditions. Typically, high-quality CBD oils stored in a cool, dark place away from sunlight can have a shelf life of approximately 12 to 24 months. However, it's essential to check the product label or contact the manufacturer for specific information on the recommended shelf life and storage instructions for a particular CBD oil product. Proper storage can help maintain the oil's potency and prevent it from degrading.

Why is it recommended to store CBD away from sunlight?

Storing CBD oils in a dark and dry place is essential for several reasons:

  • Light Sensitivity: CBD is sensitive to light, especially sunlight and UV rays. Exposure to light can lead to the degradation of cannabinoids, reducing the potency and effectiveness of the oil.
  • Heat Sensitivity: CBD oils can be sensitive to temperature, and exposure to heat, especially in warm and humid conditions, may accelerate the degradation process. Storing the oil in a cool place helps maintain its stability.
  • Preventing Oxidation: Exposure to air and light can lead to oxidation of the oil, which may alter its chemical composition and reduce its shelf life. Storing CBD oil in a dark and dry place helps minimize the risk of oxidation.
  • Preserving Terpenes: Terpenes, aromatic compounds found in cannabis plants, contribute to the overall therapeutic effects and flavor of CBD oils. Light and heat can degrade terpenes, impacting the oil's aroma and potential benefits.
  • Maintaining Quality: Proper storage conditions help preserve the overall quality and potency of CBD oils, ensuring that users receive the intended benefits when consuming the product.

What is the best temperature for storing CBD oils?

The best temperature for storing CBD oils is in a cool and stable environment. Ideally, temperatures ranging from 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit (15 to 21 degrees Celsius) are suitable. It's important to avoid extreme temperature fluctuations, as both excessive heat and cold can potentially impact the quality and shelf life of the oil. Additionally, storing CBD oils away from direct sunlight and in a dark place further helps to maintain their stability.

Does CBD oil expire?

Yes, CBD oil can expire. The shelf life of CBD oil depends on various factors, including the type of oil, the extraction method, additional ingredients, and storage conditions. Generally, high-quality CBD oils stored properly can have a shelf life of approximately 12 to 24 months. Over time, factors like exposure to light, air, and heat can contribute to the degradation of cannabinoids in the oil, reducing its potency and effectiveness. It's important to check the product label or contact the manufacturer for specific information on the recommended shelf life and storage instructions for a particular CBD oil product. Proper storage, away from direct sunlight and in a cool, dark place, can help extend the shelf life of CBD oil.

Sources

  1. Fairbairn JW, Liebmann JA, Rowan MG. The stability of cannabis and its preparations on storage. J Pharm Pharmacol. 1976 Jan;28(1):1-7. doi: 10.1111/j.2042-7158.1976.tb04014.x. PMID: 6643.
  2. Lachenmeier, D. W., Habel, S., Fischer, B., Herbi, F., Zerbe, Y., Bock, V., Walch, S. G., & Sproll, C. (2019). Are adverse effects of cannabidiol (CBD) products caused by tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) contamination? F1000Research, 8. https://doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.19931.6
  3. Zamengo, L., Bettin, C., Badocco, D., Di Marco, V., Miolo, G., & Frison, G. (2019). The role of time and storage conditions on the composition of hashish and marijuana samples: A four-year study. Forensic Science International, 298, 131-137. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.02.058
  4. Fraguas-Sánchez, A., Fernández-Carballido, A., Martin-Sabroso, C., & Torres-Suárez, A. (2020). Stability characteristics of cannabidiol for the design of pharmacological, biochemical and pharmaceutical studies. Journal of Chromatography B, 1150, 122188. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchromb.2020.122188
  5. Mazzetti, C., Ferri, E., Pozzi, M., & Labra, M. (2020). Quantification of the content of cannabidiol in commercially available e-liquids and studies on their thermal and photo-stability. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-60477-6

Key takeaways

  • Based on its mode of activity, CBD is not a stimulant or a depressant since it doesn’t produce a direct effect on the central nervous system.
  • CBD may produce similar effects to stimulants and depressants depending on the dosage.
  • CBD produces stimulating effects at low doses while at high doses, it produces effects similar to depressants.

Based on its mode of activity, CBD does not fit into the description of depressants or stimulants. This may be largely because it does not directly interact with our bodies in the same way stimulants and depressants do. In this article, we would take a look at the possible activities of CBD at the receptors and how it improves sleep or promote energy metabolism.

What are depressants?

Depressants are substances that lower the activity of neurotransmitters in the brain. They reduce both functional and neuronal activity, diminishing arousal, excitement, and stimulation in various brain regions. These substances are often known as "downers." Examples of common depressants include alcohol and medications designed to promote sleep.

What are stimulants?

Stimulants are substances that enhance central nervous system activity, leading to increased alertness, energy, and attention. These drugs, such as caffeine, amphetamines, and cocaine, boost the release and activity of neurotransmitters like dopamine and norepinephrine. Stimulants can enhance cognitive function, reduce fatigue, and elevate mood. They are often prescribed for conditions like attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or used recreationally for their euphoric effects. However, misuse or excessive use of stimulants can lead to adverse health effects, including addiction, cardiovascular issues, and psychological disturbances. Proper medical guidance is essential when using stimulants for therapeutic or recreational purposes.

How does CBD produce stimulatory effect?

Research a low dose of CBD has been associated with stimulating effects, often reported to induce a mild sense of alertness, increased focus, and heightened energy levels. This stimulating response is thought to be linked to CBD's interaction with various receptors in the central nervous system.

Is CBD a depressant?

High doses of CBD have been reported to exhibit more sedating or calming effects. This may result in a greater sense of relaxation, reduced anxiety, and potentially contribute to better sleep quality. The sedative effects are believed to be influenced by CBD's impact on neurotransmitters and receptors associated with stress and anxiety regulation.

How does CBD produce its effect on the body?

CBD exhibits a biphasic nature. Lower doses heighten alertness and improve focus, while higher doses can reduce blood pressure and induce sedation. It is important to note that CBD is neither a stimulant nor a depressant.

CBD interacts with the body primarily through the endocannabinoid system (ECS), a complex regulatory system involved in maintaining homeostasis, or balance, within various physiological processes. The ECS consists of three main components:

  1. Endocannabinoids: These are naturally occurring compounds in the body that bind to cannabinoid receptors.
  2. Cannabinoid Receptors: These receptors are found throughout the central nervous system and peripheral tissues. The two main types are CB1 receptors, primarily located in the brain and central nervous system, and CB2 receptors, mainly found in immune cells and peripheral tissues.
  3. Enzymes: Enzymes break down endocannabinoids after they have fulfilled their function.

CBD interacts with the ECS in several ways:

  1. Indirectly Influencing Receptors: While CBD does not directly bind to CB1 or CB2 receptors, it can influence them indirectly. For example, it may enhance the activity of endocannabinoids by inhibiting enzymes that break them down.
  2. Modulating Receptor Activity: CBD can modulate the activity of receptors, altering how they respond to other signaling molecules.
  3. Interaction with Non-Cannabinoid Receptors: CBD interacts with receptors beyond the ECS, such as serotonin receptors (5-HT1A), vanilloid receptors (TRPV1), and others, contributing to its diverse effects.

The exact mechanisms through which CBD produces its effects are complex and still an active area of research. CBD's impact on neurotransmitters, anti-inflammatory properties, and modulation of various receptors contribute to its potential therapeutic effects in areas like pain management, anxiety reduction, and more. It's important to note that individual responses to CBD can vary, and its effects may be influenced by factors such as dosage, method of administration, and individual physiology.

Factors influencing CBD’s effect on the body

The effects of CBD can be influenced by various factors, and individual responses may vary. Here are some key factors that can affect how CBD interacts with the body:

  1. Dosage: The amount of CBD consumed can have a significant impact on its effects. Low doses may produce different effects than higher doses. It's often recommended to start with a low dose and gradually increase if needed.
  2. Method of Administration: The method of CBD consumption (e.g., oral ingestion, sublingual, inhalation, topical application) can influence its bioavailability and onset of effects. Each method has a different rate of absorption and duration of action.
  3. Individual Biochemistry: Each person's body responds differently to substances, including CBD. Factors such as metabolism, body weight, and overall health can influence how CBD is metabolized and its effects.
  4. Full-Spectrum vs. Isolate: Full-spectrum CBD contains a range of cannabinoids, terpenes, and other compounds from the cannabis plant. This "entourage effect" may influence the overall impact of CBD compared to CBD isolate, which contains only pure CBD.
  5. Purpose of Use: The reason for using CBD (e.g., pain management, anxiety relief, sleep aid) can influence the perceived effects. CBD may interact with different systems in the body depending on the intended purpose.
  6. Tolerance and Sensitivity: Individual tolerance to CBD can vary. Some people may be more sensitive to its effects, while others may require higher doses to achieve the desired outcome.
  7. Timing of Consumption: When CBD is taken in relation to meals or other activities may affect its impact. For example, taking CBD before bedtime may be more conducive to promoting relaxation and sleep.
  8. Quality of CBD Product: The source, extraction methods, and overall quality of the CBD product can influence its effectiveness. Third-party testing for purity and potency is essential for ensuring product quality.
  9. Interaction with Medications: CBD can interact with certain medications. It's crucial to consult with a healthcare professional before using CBD, especially if you are taking other medications.
  10. Overall Health and Lifestyle: Lifestyle factors such as diet, exercise, stress levels, and overall health can also play a role in how CBD affects an individual.

Understanding these factors and experimenting with different doses and methods of administration can help individuals find an optimal CBD regimen that aligns with their specific needs and preferences. It's advisable to consult with a healthcare professional for personalized guidance, especially if you have underlying health conditions or are taking medications.

Frequently asked questions

Does CBD have a stimulating effect?

Sleep benefits with CBD vary among individuals, with research indicating that low doses may stimulate, while higher doses tend to sedate. Discrepancies in experience may stem from the method of administration and dosage

Does CBD make you more active?

According to McGreevy, CBD might enhance performance before a workout by mitigating stress, enhancing oxygen delivery, alleviating inflammation and pain signals, and fostering improved mobility.

Is CBD a depressant or antidepressant?

CBD shows significant psychiatric potential, serving as an antidepressant-like and anxiolytic-like compound.

Want to Learn More?

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  3. Nature's Wellness Warriors — CBD vs Hemp Oil
  4. CBD for Pancreatitis
  5. 5 Ways to make your Bed a Sanctuary

Sources

Oberbarnscheidt, T., & Miller, N. S. (2020). The Impact of Cannabidiol on Psychiatric and Medical Conditions. Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, 12(7), 393-403. https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr4159

de Mello Schier AR, de Oliveira Ribeiro NP, Coutinho DS, Machado S, Arias-Carrión O, Crippa JA, Zuardi AW, Nardi AE, Silva AC. Antidepressant-like and anxiolytic-like effects of cannabidiol: a chemical compound of Cannabis sativa. CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets. 2014;13(6):953-60. doi: 10.2174/1871527313666140612114838. PMID: 24923339.

Oberbarnscheidt, T., & Miller, N. S. (2020). The Impact of Cannabidiol on Psychiatric and Medical Conditions. Journal of Clinical Medicine Research, 12(7), 393-403. https://doi.org/10.14740/jocmr4159

de Mello Schier AR, de Oliveira Ribeiro NP, Coutinho DS, Machado S, Arias-Carrión O, Crippa JA, Zuardi AW, Nardi AE, Silva AC. Antidepressant-like and anxiolytic-like effects of cannabidiol: a chemical compound of Cannabis sativa. CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets. 2014;13(6):953-60. doi: 10.2174/1871527313666140612114838. PMID: 24923339.

Linge, R., Jiménez-Sánchez, L., Campa, L., Pilar-Cuéllar, F., Vidal, R., Pazos, A., Adell, A., & Díaz, Á. (2016). Cannabidiol induces rapid-acting antidepressant-like effects and enhances cortical 5-HT/glutamate neurotransmission: Role of 5-HT1A receptors. Neuropharmacology, 103, 16-26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropharm.2015.12.017

Key takeaways

  • Over 250 million have PTSD globally (WHO).
  • About 8% of women and 4% of men get PTSD at some point in their lifetime (WHO).
  • In any given year, about 5 in every 100 adults will have PTSD. For example, approximately 13 million people in the U.S. had PTSD in 2020 (WHO).
  • In the U.S., about 6% of the population will have PTSD at some point in their lifetime (National Center for PTSD)
  • A study by the World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that 3.6% of the world population experienced PTSD in a given year (WHO).
  • Individuals aged 45-59 emerge as the most affected demographic by PTSD (Forbes).
  • Women are 2 to 3 times more likely to develop PTSD than men (National Center for PTSD).
  • People from war exposed regions are more prone to PTSD than other regions (Stevenson et al. 2020).

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition stemming from exposure to traumatic events, affecting individuals regardless of age or background. Characterized by symptoms like intrusive memories, avoidance, negative changes in mood, and heightened arousal, PTSD significantly disrupts daily life. Traumatic events, such as combat, sexual assault, or disasters, can trigger its onset.

Symptoms may manifest shortly after the trauma or appear months to years later. While some recover, others experience chronic effects. Risk factors include pre-existing mental health conditions, lack of support, and repeated exposure to trauma. Treatment options include psychotherapy like cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and medications such as antidepressants.

PTSD's prevalence is notable, impacting a substantial portion of the population. The disorder's profound effects extend beyond the individual, influencing relationships and work. Addressing PTSD involves raising awareness, reducing stigma, and advocating for improved mental health support. Ongoing research aims to enhance understanding and refine treatment approaches, emphasizing the importance of timely intervention and support for those grappling with the aftermath of trauma.

Facts about PTSD

  1. PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder) affects millions worldwide, with varying rates based on the type of trauma and population demographics.
  2. PTSD develops in response to traumatic events such as combat, sexual assault, accidents, and natural disasters.
  3. The prevalence of PTSD is not limited to specific regions; it can affect individuals in any part of the world.
  4. PTSD can occur at any age, affecting children, adolescents, adults, and the elderly.
  5. Women are more likely than men to develop PTSD, possibly due to differences in trauma exposure and coping mechanisms.
  6. Common symptoms include flashbacks, nightmares, avoidance of reminders, negative changes in mood, and heightened arousal.
  7. Symptoms may manifest shortly after the traumatic event or be delayed, sometimes emerging months or even years later.
  8. PTSD often coexists with other mental health conditions, such as depression, anxiety, and substance use disorders.
  9. Pre-existing mental health conditions, lack of social support, and repeated exposure to trauma increase the risk of developing PTSD.
  10. PTSD is associated with alterations in brain structures and neurotransmitter systems, impacting memory and emotional regulation.
  11. Psychotherapy, including cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and exposure therapy, and medications like antidepressants are common PTSD treatments.
  12. Military service members, particularly those exposed to combat, are at an increased risk of developing PTSD.
  13. PTSD can significantly impair an individual's ability to function in various aspects of life, including work, relationships, and overall well-being.
  14. Cultural factors influence the expression and recognition of PTSD symptoms, affecting how individuals seek help.
  15. While some individuals recover naturally, others may experience chronic symptoms, highlighting the importance of individual differences in resilience.
  16. Individuals in caregiving professions may develop secondary trauma or compassion fatigue due to exposure to others' traumatic experiences.
  17. Stigma surrounding mental health issues, including PTSD, can hinder individuals from seeking help and support.

Frequently asked questions

How many people have PTSD?

Estimates suggest that millions worldwide are affected by Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), with the World Health Organization (WHO) indicating that around 3.6% of the global population has experienced PTSD in the past year. This staggering statistic equates to over 250 million people battling with this condition worldwide. Moreover, the WHO notes that about 8% of women and 4% of men will encounter PTSD at some point in their lives. In the U.S. alone, approximately 6% of the population is expected to experience PTSD at some juncture in their lifetime.
On an annual basis, about 5 in every 100 adults globally will battle with PTSD, reflecting the pervasive nature of this mental health challenge. For instance, a study revealed that in the U.S., an estimated 13 million people had PTSD in the year 2020.

PTSD Statistics by age

Trauma, a precursor to PTSD, can occur at any stage of life. The National Center for PTSD reveals that PTSD is notably prevalent among middle-aged U.S. adults and teenage girls who have undergone at least one traumatic event. Specifically, individuals aged 45-59 emerge as the most affected demographic by PTSD, highlighting the substantial impact on those in their middle years. This demographic insight underscores the diverse nature of PTSD's onset and emphasizes the importance of recognizing and addressing trauma across various age groups to provide targeted support and intervention for those affected.

PTSD Statistics by gender

The gender disparity in PTSD risk is striking, with women facing a two to three time’s higher likelihood of developing the condition compared to men. Various factors contribute to this heightened vulnerability, including biological differences, hormonal influences, and a higher prevalence of exposure to certain types of trauma. Women often contend with trauma related to sexual assault and interpersonal violence, further amplifying their susceptibility to PTSD. Recognizing and addressing these gender-specific risk factors is crucial in tailoring effective prevention strategies, early interventions, and support systems to mitigate the impact of PTSD, emphasizing the importance of a gender-sensitive approach in mental health care.

PTSD by Regions

Research shows that the prevalence of probable PTSD is markedly higher in individuals from war-exposed regions compared to those in war-unexposed areas. A comprehensive analysis reveals that approximately 30% of individuals from regions affected by war are likely to experience probable PTSD. This contrast is significant, as it emphasizes the profound impact of exposure to conflict and violence on mental health. In contrast, in regions not directly affected by war, the prevalence is substantially lower, estimated at around 8%.

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  4. How To Take Control of Your Mind
  5. How To Finally Quiet Your Mind In 6 Ways

Sources

Ng LC, Stevenson A, Kalapurakkel SS, Hanlon C, Seedat S, Harerimana B, Chiliza B, Koenen KC. National and regional prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS Med. 2020 May 15;17(5):e1003090. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1003090. Erratum in: PLoS Med. 2020 Jul 24;17(7):e1003312. PMID: 32413027; PMCID: PMC7228043.

World Health Organization. https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/mental-disorders/?gad_source=1&gclid=Cj0KCQiAwbitBhDIARIsABfFYILEQc1vyXQoKuaV-n2cZJi_lD5FXCkqmBki1XQ_mBDt8AXqwBP_IA4aAlj-EALw_wcB. Accessed, 22/1/2024

National Center for PTSD. https://www.ptsd.va.gov/understand/common/common_adults.asp#:~:text=Most%20people%20who%20go%20through,criteria%20for%20PTSD%20after%20treatment. Accessed, 22/1/2024

PTSD statistics (Forbes Magazine). https://www.forbes.com/health/mind/ptsd-statistics/. Accessed 22/1/2024.

Vaping refers to the act of inhaling and exhaling vapor produced by an electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) or similar device. These devices, commonly known as vapes or e-cigarettes, use a battery-powered heating element to aerosolized a liquid (often containing nicotine, flavorings, and other chemicals) into a vapor that is then inhaled. Vaping is considered an alternative to traditional smoking, with the intention of providing a less harmful way to consume nicotine. However, concerns have been raised about the potential health risks associated with vaping, including respiratory issues and the long-term effects of inhaling the chemicals present in vape liquids. The popularity of vaping has grown, particularly among young people, prompting ongoing research and regulatory efforts to better understand its health implications.

Facts about vaping

  1. Vaping involves the use of electronic devices such as e-cigarettes, vape pens, and mods.
  2. Many vape liquids contain nicotine, an addictive substance found in traditional cigarettes.
  3. Vape liquids come in various flavors, ranging from fruit and dessert to tobacco and menthol.
  4. The marketing and flavors of vape products have contributed to their popularity among young people.
  5. Vaping is associated with potential health risks, including respiratory issues and lung injuries.
  6. Besides nicotine, e-liquids may contain propylene glycol, vegetable glycerin, and various chemicals for flavor and aroma.
  7. Secondhand exposure to vape aerosol may pose health risks, similar to secondhand smoke from traditional cigarettes.
  8. Nicotine in vape liquids can lead to addiction, especially in young users with developing brains.
  9. Some studies suggest that vaping may serve as a gateway to traditional cigarette smoking, particularly among youth.
  10. Vaping products are subject to evolving regulations to address health concerns and marketing practices.
  11. Vaping has gained popularity as an alternative to smoking, particularly for those seeking to quit tobacco use.
  12. Advocates argue that vaping can be a harm reduction tool for smokers trying to quit traditional cigarettes.
  13. The marketing of vape products often targets a younger demographic through social media and appealing packaging.
  14. Vape devices are powered by batteries, and incidents of battery explosions have been reported.
  15. The wide variety of vaping devices allows users to customize their experience, impacting nicotine delivery and vapor production.
  16. Individuals attempting to quit vaping may experience withdrawal symptoms such as irritability and cravings.

20 shocking statistics on vaping

  1. In 2019, there were about 35 million individuals worldwide who use e-cigarettes or tobacco products (SingleCare).
  2. In 2022, over 2.5 million youths used e-cigarette (CDC).
  3. Research from 2021 highlights that 1 in 5 non-smoking high school students used vape pens in 2020 (SingleCare).
  4. Nearly 85% of adolescents prefer flavored e-cigarettes (U.S. Food and Drug Administration).
  5. The FDA's National Youth Tobacco Survey reports that over 3 million high school and middle school students used tobacco products in the past 30 days (U.S. Food and Drug Administration).
  6. In 2021, there were 82 million vapers globally, with the majority in the Eastern Mediterranean region (Emerald Insight)
  7. Between 2014 and 2018, the United States and Western Europe were the largest markets for vaping products (University of Bath’s Tobacco Control Research Group).
  8. Adults aged 18 to 29 show higher e-cigarette use compared to those aged 60 to 69 (SingleCare).
  9. Flavored e-cigarette usage is more prominent among 18 to 44-year-olds in 2020, compared to those aged 45 and older (SingleCare).
  10. Young people aged 15 to 17 years are 16 times more likely to vape than those aged 25 to 34 years (Truth Initiative).
  11. Total U.S. retail sales of e-cigarettes amounted to 3.8 billion U.S. dollars in 2018 (Statista)
  12. Pax Labs is the most popular e-cigarette company in the US. They controlled over 42 percent share of e-cigarette dollar sales in 2020 (Statista).
  13. In a survey conducted in October 2019 in the United States, around a quarter of those aged 18 to 29 years old reported using e-cigarettes, compared to only 3 percent of older adults (Statista).
  14. One out of every 20 Americans engages in vaping, and there has been an alarming 1,800% surge in teenage e-cigarette usage within thOne out of every 20 Americans engages in vaping, and there has been an alarming 1,800% surge in teenage e-cigarette usage within the past year (Cross River Therapy).
  15. The number of vapers varies by country, with the United States having the highest population at 9 million, followed by the United Kingdom with 3 million, France with 2.4 million, and Japan with 1.2 million (Cross River Therapy).
  16. E-cigarette was the most popular Tobacco product of the year 2023 (FDA).
  17. Among people currently using e-cigarettes, most prefer disposables (60.7%), followed by prefilled/refillable pods or cartridges (16.1%) (FDA).
  18. More than 400,000 youth in grades 6 to 12 and 275,000 young adults (20-24 years of age) reported vaping in the last 30 days That's as many as there are people in Halifax (Breathe Lung Association).
  19. Just 15% of U.S. e-cigarette users are non-smokers (Cross River Therapy).
  20. 8% of Americans have reported vaping every other week (Cross River Therapy)

Key takeaways

  • Information from the WHO shows that pure, authentic CBD is safe for consumption and use.
  • CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence.
  • Humans can tolerate over 1500 mg of CBD per day without producing any adverse side effects.
  • Pure, authentic and verified CBD is safe for children.
  • The non-regulated nature of the CBD industry makes it almost impossible for parents and caregivers to have complete confidence in CBD products.
  • CBD is generally safe for women.
  • CBD is safe for men.
  • People who should avoid CBD include but are not limited to pregnant and breast feeding mothers, people who are planning to have a surgery, people who just had a surgery, and people with allergic reactions to CBD and hemp-based compounds.

Information from the WHO shows that pure, verified and authentic CBD is safe for consumption and use. It exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence. Research also shows that CBD is well tolerated by humans. Based on the findings of this research, humans can handle up to 1500 mg of CBD without any adverse side effects.

Is CBD safe for children?

Pure, verified and authentic CBD is safe for children as long as the dosage is right and the mode of administration does not involve smoking or subjecting the CBD to any harsh conversion. Why most professionals believe CBD is not safe for children can be attributed to the non-regulated nature of the industry. This non-regulated nature of the CBD industry makes it difficult and almost impossible for parents or caregivers to have complete confidence in CBD products.

A study published by JAMA shows that most CBD products are labeled incorrectly. This includes stating the wrong CBD and THC dosage thus predisposing users to unprecedented side effects.

Another report from Statista shows that about 28% of CBD companies don’t test for pesticides, 26% don’t test for heavy metals and 24% don’t test for microbial contaminants. Based on the 2023 report, only 7% of CBD companies in the U.S subject their products to the right testing procedures. This lack of testing can predispose children to several health challenges including cancer and death.

Is CBD safe for women?

CBD is safe for women. It contributes to hormone wellness and may serve as an important integrative medicine for female health. It boosts mental clarity in women and may play a significant role in dealing with menstrual cramps, inflammation and pain relief.

Although this is largely debated, there are indications that CBD may help ease labor pains but we may need more scientific data to back up that claim.

Is CBD safe for men?

CBD is also safe for men’s health. Although there are indications suggesting chronic CBD use may be linked to reduced sperm viability, this needs to be further explored in scientific research since people have attested to using CBD to boost their fertility and combined with the fact that CBD may play a significant role in improving symptoms of erectile dysfunction.

Who should avoid CBD?

While CBD is generally considered safe for many people, there are certain individuals who should exercise caution or avoid CBD altogether. It's important to note that the following recommendations are general guidelines, and individuals should consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice based on their specific health conditions and medications. Here are groups of people who may need to be cautious about or avoid CBD:

  1. Pregnant and Breastfeeding Individuals: Limited research is available on the safety of CBD during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Due to potential risks, it is advisable for pregnant and breastfeeding individuals to consult with an expert before using CBD.
  2. People Taking Medications: CBD can interact with certain medications by affecting the metabolism of drugs in the liver. It's important for individuals taking medications to consult with an expert before using CBD to avoid potential interactions.
  3. Individuals with Liver Conditions: CBD is metabolized in the liver, and there is concern that it may affect liver function. Individuals with liver conditions should consult with an expert before using CBD.
  4. Allergic Reactions: While uncommon, some people may be allergic to components of CBD products. It's essential to monitor for any allergic reactions and seek medical attention if they occur.
  5. Individuals with Low Blood Pressure: CBD has been reported to cause a temporary drop in blood pressure. Individuals with low blood pressure should use CBD cautiously and monitor their blood pressure regularly.
  6. Previous Negative Reactions to CBD: Individuals who have experienced adverse reactions to CBD in the past should exercise caution and may consider avoiding it.
  7. Sensitivity to Cannabis Compounds: Some individuals may be more sensitive to the compounds found in cannabis, including CBD. Sensitivity can vary, and it's essential to start with low doses and monitor for any adverse effects.
  8. People Planning Surgery: CBD may have blood-thinning effects, and this could impact surgical procedures. Individuals planning surgery should inform their healthcare providers about CBD use, and in some cases, it may be recommended to stop CBD use a few weeks before surgery.

What are the factors affecting the safety of CBD?

CBD’s safety can be influenced by various factors some of which are listed below;

  1. Quality and Source of CBD Products: The safety of CBD products depends on their purity. High-quality products should be free from contaminants, such as pesticides, heavy metals, and residual solvents. CBD can be derived from hemp or marijuana. Hemp-derived CBD is legal in many places and contains minimal THC, the psychoactive component of cannabis.
  2. Dosage and Concentration: The appropriate dosage of CBD can vary from person to person. It's advisable to start with a low dose and gradually increase if needed. The concentration of CBD in a product affects its potency. Knowing the concentration helps in accurate dosing.
  3. Individual Variations: Individuals with different body weights and metabolic rates may respond differently to CBD. Factors such as age, overall health, and genetics can also play a role.
  4. Drug Interactions: CBD can interact with certain medications. It's important to consult with an expert if you are taking prescription medications, as CBD may affect their metabolism.
  5. Adulteration and Mislabeling: Some CBD products may be mislabeled, and their actual content may differ from what is stated on the label. Purchasing from reputable manufacturers can help mitigate this risk.
  6. Method of Administration: The way CBD is consumed can impact its safety. Methods include oral ingestion, inhalation, and topical application. Each method may have different absorption rates and potential side effects.
  7. Pre-existing Medical Conditions: Individuals with certain medical conditions may be more susceptible to potential side effects. It's important to consult with a healthcare professional if you have underlying health issues.

Want to Learn More?

  1. 7 Eye-Opening Facts about the Endocannabinoid System and Hemp Oil
  2. CBD for Panic Attacks
  3. Does Hemp Oil Help Regulate the Nervous System?
  4. 5 Ways to make your Bed a Sanctuary
  5. Nature's Wellness Warriors — CBD vs Hemp Oil

Sources

Postonogova, T., Xu, C., & Moore, A. (2020). Marijuana During Labour: A Survey of Maternal Opinions. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada, 42(6), 774-778. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jogc.2019.10.030

Iffland K, Grotenhermen F. An Update on Safety and Side Effects of Cannabidiol: A Review of Clinical Data and Relevant Animal Studies. Cannabis Cannabinoid Res. 2017 Jun 1;2(1):139-154. doi: 10.1089/can.2016.0034. PMID: 28861514; PMCID: PMC5569602.

Rapin, L., Gamaoun, R., Hage, C. E., Arboleda, M. F., & Prosk, E. (2021). Cannabidiol use and effectiveness: Real-world evidence from a Canadian medical cannabis clinic. Journal of Cannabis Research, 3. https://doi.org/10.1186/s42238-021-00078-w

Moltke, J., Hindocha, C. Reasons for cannabidiol use: a cross-sectional study of CBD users, focusing on self-perceived stress, anxiety, and sleep problems. J Cannabis Res 3, 5 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s42238-021-00061-5

Nyland, C. R., & Moyer, D. C. (2022). Regulating for Safety: Cannabidiol Dose in Food: A Review. Journal of Food Protection, 85(9), 1355-1369. https://doi.org/10.4315/JFP-21-374

Key takeaways

  • As of 2020, the Military Times reported that although CBD is federally legal for civilians, the Pentagon strictly prohibits its use among active duty and reserve military members.
  • The military does not test for CBD.
  • The U.S. military typically tests for THC, the psychoactive component of marijuana, during routine drug testing.
  • CBD products derived from hemp can contain trace amounts of THC, and the cumulative THC in a person's system could potentially trigger a positive result on a drug test.
  • Most drug tests do not specifically check for other cannabinoids like CBN (cannabinol), CBG (cannabigerol), CBC (cannabichromene), or CBD (cannabidiol).
  • CBD might be detectable in urine for up to three days after a single use, but this can vary

Military personnel face physically and mentally demanding tasks in their roles, making the potential benefits of CBD particularly appealing. If you're in uniform, you might wonder about the federal legality of CBD for military use. In this article we would discuss commonly asked questions around CBD use in the military.

Is CBD permitted in the military?

As of 2020, the Military Times reported that although CBD is federally legal for civilians, the Pentagon strictly prohibits its use among active duty and reserve military members. This prohibition, extending to the Navy and Marine Corps, is based on concerns that hemp-derived products could interfere with drug test results.

In line with this stance, the Army's CBD policy for 2020 strictly prohibits the use of CBD products, regardless of their claimed or actual THC concentration, and irrespective of their legal status for civilians.

Does the military test for CBD?

No! The U.S. military typically tests for THC, the psychoactive component of marijuana, during routine drug testing. While drug tests are not specifically designed to detect CBD, they may still indirectly identify its presence. CBD products derived from hemp can contain trace amounts of THC, and the cumulative THC in a person's system could potentially trigger a positive result on a drug test.

Due to the potential for CBD products to contain THC and impact drug test results, the military has taken a strict stance against the use of CBD among active duty and reserve military personnel. The goal is to maintain the effectiveness of drug testing programs and ensure the readiness of individual service members and military units. As a result, military members are generally advised to avoid using CBD products to prevent any complications with drug tests and to comply with military regulations.

Will CBD make you fail a drug test?

CBD itself is not typically tested for in standard drug tests. However, CBD products can sometimes contain trace amounts of THC. If a CBD product has enough THC and you consume it regularly or in large quantities, it may lead to a positive result on a drug test for THC.

Most CBD products derived from hemp are legally required to contain less than 0.3% THC. While this amount is generally considered too low to produce psychoactive effects, it could still accumulate in the body over time, potentially leading to a positive drug test result. If you are subject to drug testing and are concerned about potential THC exposure from CBD products, it's crucial to choose CBD products from reputable sources that provide detailed information about their THC content. Additionally, some people opt for CBD isolates or broad-spectrum CBD products, which typically have little to no THC.

However, it's essential to note that regulations and testing protocols can vary, and the safest approach for individuals subject to drug testing in sensitive positions, such as in the military, is to avoid CBD products altogether or to consult with their healthcare provider for guidance.

Frequently Asked Questions

Does Other Cannabinoids like CBN, CBG, CBC, etc Show up On A Drug Test?

Drug tests typically target specific cannabinoids, and the most common test looks for the presence of THC, the psychoactive compound in cannabis. Most drug tests do not specifically check for other cannabinoids like CBN (cannabinol), CBG (cannabigerol), CBC (cannabichromene), or CBD (cannabidiol).
However, it's important to note that some full-spectrum or broad-spectrum CBD products may contain trace amounts of THC, as well as other cannabinoids. The trace THC in these products, even if within legal limits (usually less than 0.3% THC in the United States), could potentially accumulate over time and lead to a positive drug test result for THC.

How long does CBD stay in the body?

CBD can stay in a person's system from hours to about a month, and the duration varies based on factors such as frequency of use, method of consumption, and individual differences. Generally, occasional users may eliminate CBD more quickly than regular users. The method of taking CBD, whether through inhalation, ingestion, or other means, can also influence how long it stays in the body. Individual factors like metabolism, body weight, and overall health play a role in the metabolism and elimination of CBD. As a broad estimate, CBD might be detectable in urine for up to three days after a single use, but this can vary. It's important to consider that drug testing thresholds and methodologies differ, and these are general guidelines rather than strict rules. If there are concerns about drug testing or the duration of CBD in the system, consulting with a healthcare professional for personalized guidance is advisable.

Want to Learn More?

  1. CBDa Is Not a Drug — It's a Natural, Hemp-Derived Compound
  2. 7 Eye-Opening Facts about the Endocannabinoid System and Hemp Oil
  3. CBD and Martial Arts
  4. CBD for Panic Attacks
  5. CBD for Muscle Spasms

Sources

Evans DG. Medical Fraud, Mislabeling, Contamination: All Common in CBD Products. Mo Med. 2020 Sep-Oct;117(5):394-399. PMID: 33311737; PMCID: PMC7723146.

Johnson E, Kilgore M, Babalonis S. Cannabidiol (CBD) product contamination: Quantitative analysis of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) concentrations found in commercially available CBD products. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2022 Aug 1;237:109522. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2022.109522. Epub 2022 Jun 3. PMID: 35690015; PMCID: PMC9899037.

Bannigan, P., Evans, J. C., & Allen, C. (2022). Shifting the Paradigm on Cannabis Safety. Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 7(1), 3-10. https://doi.org/10.1089/can.2020.0003

Sachs J, McGlade E, Yurgelun-Todd D. Safety and Toxicology of Cannabinoids. Neurotherapeutics. 2015 Oct;12(4):735-46. doi: 10.1007/s13311-015-0380-8. PMID: 26269228; PMCID: PMC4604177.

Solmi, M., De Toffol, M., Kim, J. Y., Choi, M. J., Stubbs, B., Thompson, T., Firth, J., Miola, A., Croatto, G., Baggio, F., Michelon, S., Ballan, L., Gerdle, B., Monaco, F., Simonato, P., Scocco, P., Ricca, V., Castellini, G., Fornaro, M., … Dragioti, E. (2023). Balancing risks and benefits of cannabis use: umbrella review of meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials and observational studies. In BMJ (p. e072348). BMJ. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj-2022-072348

This product is not for use by or sale to persons under the age of 18. This product should be used only as directed on the label. It should not be used if you are pregnant or nursing. Consult with a physician before use if you have a serious medical condition or use prescription medications. A doctor’s advice should be sought before using this and any supplemental dietary product. These statements have not been evaluated by the FDA. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Void where prohibited by law.
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