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Updated on January 13, 2024

CBD for Bipolar Disorder

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Key takeaways

  • As of September 2023, statistics show that about 46 million people around the world have bipolar disorder.
  • Around 2 in every 10 persons in the U.S have bipolar disorder.
  • Bipolar disorder can be diagnosed at any age but is often identified in the teenage years or early 20s.
  • CBD assists with the symptoms of bipolar disorder by reducing anxiety, relieving depression and protecting neurons.

What is Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder is a mental health condition that affects a person's mood. People with bipolar disorder experience extreme mood swings, going from periods of intense energy and happiness (mania or hypomania) to feeling very sad and hopeless (depression). It's like having emotional highs and lows that are more intense than what most people go through. These mood changes can impact daily life, relationships, and the ability to do regular activities. Treatment often involves medications and therapy to help manage these mood swings and lead a more stable life.

As of 2023, statistics indicate that 46 million people around the world, including 2.8% of the U.S. population, have bipolar disorder.

What are the common types of Bipolar Disorders?

There are different types of bipolar and related disorders, all involving episodes of mania or hypomania and depression. These episodes bring unpredictable changes in mood and behavior, causing significant distress in life. The most common types of Bipolar disorders are discussed below;

  1. Bipolar I Disorder:

Bipolar I is characterized by episodes of intense energy and happiness (mania) lasting at least seven days, sometimes requiring hospitalization. Following these episodes, there are depressive periods that can last up to two weeks. If someone experiences symptoms of mania and depression simultaneously, it's called a mixed episode.

  1. Bipolar II

Bipolar II involves a pattern of depressive and hypomanic episodes. Hypomania is a mood boost that increases energy, agitation, and speech speed. While the intensity of mania is less than in Bipolar I, the depressive episodes are severe and may last for an extended period.

  1. Cyclothymic Disorder

Cyclothymic disorder entails more frequent shifts between mood swings, a phenomenon known as rapid cycling. The highs exhibit symptoms similar to hypomania, characterized by increased energy. The lows are mild to moderate depression. Cyclothymia involves more frequent swings over a more extended period, typically diagnosed if occurring for at least two years.

When does Bipolar Disorder occur?

Bipolar disorder can be diagnosed at any age but is often identified in the teenage years or early 20s. Symptoms can differ between individuals and may change over time.

What are the common symptoms of Bipolar Disorder?

Episodes of bipolar disorders are characterized by two things; mania and depression. Each of these conditions have their unique symptoms which are mentioned below.

Mania (High Mood):

  1. Feeling excessively happy, jumpy, or wired
  2. Increased energy and activity levels
  3. Strong sense of well-being and confidence
  4. Reduced need for sleep
  5. Talking a lot and having racing thoughts
  6. Being easily distracted and making poor decisions

Depression (Low Mood)

  1. Feeling sad, empty, hopeless, or tearful
  2. Losing interest or pleasure in activities
  3. Significant changes in weight or appetite
  4. Sleeping too much or too little
  5. Restlessness or slowed behavior
  6. Fatigue or lack of energy

Other possible symptoms of bipolar disorders

  1. Feelings of worthlessness or excessive guilt
  2. Difficulty concentrating or making decisions
  3. Thoughts of suicide

It is important to note that depression may appear as irritability in children and teenagers. The onset of the condition may be characterized by significant weight changes and mood shifts.

What can CBD offer people with bipolar disorders?

People dealing with bipolar disorders and any other form of mental challenge can rely on the balancing effect of CBD and the endocannabinoid system to regain freedom or manage symptoms. The ECS is a powerful balancing tool that plays a critical role in controlling important life processes including mental clarity.

CBD and other cannabinoids have been extensively researched for their ability to promote internal balance. Some of the numerous benefits of CBD that can assist people with bipolar disorders are discussed below;

  1. Neuroprotective and Antioxidant Properties:

Neurons serve as essential messengers in our brain, forming important communication pathways that allow different parts of the brain to interact. This communication is vital for various cognitive functions, including thinking, decision-making, and problem-solving.

Neurons play a crucial role in emotional regulation by transmitting signals related to various emotions such as joy, sadness, and stress. A balanced communication system between neurons contributes to stable mood and emotional well-being, helping individuals navigate the ups and downs of daily life.

Mental challenges, such as bipolar disorder, can impact neurons and their functioning in several ways. Bipolar disorder involves significant fluctuations in mood, including episodes of mania (high mood) and depression (low mood). During manic episodes, there's often increased neural activity, and neurons may communicate more rapidly. In contrast, depressive episodes may result in reduced neural activity. These extreme shifts can disrupt the usual balance and coordination of neuronal communication.

Bipolar disorder is associated with imbalances in neurotransmitters, which are chemicals that transmit signals between neurons. For example, during manic episodes, there may be an excess of neurotransmitters like dopamine, contributing to heightened excitement. In depressive episodes, there might be a shortage of neurotransmitters, leading to feelings of sadness and lethargy.

CBD is thought to protect neurons through multiple pathways. Its anti-inflammatory properties are key for reducing inflammation in neurological disorders. Acting as an antioxidant, CBD combats harmful free radicals, addressing oxidative stress tied to neurodegenerative diseases. Through interaction with the endocannabinoid system, CBD modulates neurotransmitters, promoting a balanced nervous system. It also shields against excitotoxicity, preventing excessive stimulation that may harm neurons. CBD's potential support for neurogenesis aids in regenerating nerve cells. Additionally, its ability to reduce neuroinflammation is crucial, given its association with neurological issues. CBD's protective effects against ischemic damage help mitigate harm from inadequate blood flow. While promising, ongoing research is needed for a comprehensive understanding of CBD's neuroprotective potential and its application in specific neurological conditions. Individuals considering CBD for neurological issues should consult with a healthcare professional for personalized guidance.

  1. Potential Anxiety Reduction:

CBD eases anxiety through its interaction with the body's endocannabinoid system (ECS). This system helps regulate various processes, including mood. CBD works by connecting with specific receptors in the ECS, particularly CB1 and CB2 receptors, which affect how neurotransmitters are released in the brain.

One way CBD promotes relaxation is by boosting the activity of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a calming neurotransmitter. This enhancement of GABAergic activity can contribute to a more relaxed state and reduce feelings of anxiety. Additionally, CBD interacts with serotonin receptors (5-HT1A), influencing mood and anxiety regulation. By modulating serotonin receptor activity, CBD may help create a more balanced mood.

CBD also appears to play a role in regulating the body's stress response. It can influence the release of stress hormones like cortisol, potentially contributing to a calmer and less anxious state. Furthermore, CBD's neuroprotective properties may support overall brain health, potentially reducing anxiety by preserving the well-being of neurons.

Is CBD safe for mental disorders?

Using pure CBD for mental disorders involves important considerations. Research is still in the early stages, and individual responses can vary due to factors like genetics and dosage. While pure CBD is generally safe, its impact on mental health conditions requires more thorough investigation.

Individual responses to CBD vary. Some people experience positive effects, while others may not notice a difference or may have adverse reactions. The interaction of CBD with prescribed medications is a crucial consideration. It's important to consult with a healthcare professional, especially if you're already taking medications for a mental disorder.

The quality and purity of CBD products differ, emphasizing the need to choose reliable sources. This is why Nesas Hemp focus on pure organic hemp oil. Oil organic hemp oil contains full spectrum CBDa which is 1000 times more active than CBD.

Frequently asked questions

Are there any side effects associated with using CBD for bipolar disorder?

While pure CBD is generally well-tolerated, individuals may experience mild side effects such as fatigue, changes in appetite, or digestive issues. Serious side effects are rare, but it's essential to be aware of potential reactions and consult with a healthcare professional if concerns arise.

Can CBD replace traditional medications for bipolar disorder?

CBD is a potent agent for dealing with symptoms of bipolar disorder.

How long does it take for CBD to show effects in managing bipolar disorder symptoms?

The time it takes for CBD to show effects can vary among individuals. Some may experience changes relatively quickly, while others may need more time. Patience is essential, and individuals should work closely with their healthcare providers to monitor progress and make necessary adjustments to the treatment plan.

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