Updated on January 2, 2024

Types of CBD

Fact Checked

Key takeaways

  • CBD products are classified based on product formulation and mode of application.
  • Full spectrum CBD has all the naturally occurring compounds in the cannabis plant, it engages more receptors and is very effective at promoting the health effects of CBD products
  • CBD isolates offer a reduced effect since it only has one cannabinoid in it.

Out of the over 500 compounds in the cannabis plant, CBD and THC are the most popular of them all. CBD and THC belong to a class of compounds known as cannabinoids. These compounds play special roles by interacting with the endocannabinoid system to control several life processes. Together with the endocannabinoid system and their receptors, CBD and other cannabinoids have gained recognition as an important tool for providing relief from several conditions.

What are the common types of CBD products?

CBD products can be classified based on two important criteria.

  1. Product formulation
  2. Type of product/mode of application

Type of CBD by product formulation

  1. Full spectrum CBD products

Full-spectrum CBD products have a mix of helpful stuff from the cannabis plant. They include not only CBD but also other cannabinoids like CBDa, CBGa, THC, CBG, and CBN. Full-spectrum products also contain other important compounds like terpenes, and flavonoids which add to the medicinal benefit of CBD products. These products keep various plant compounds, creating what some call the "entourage effect." This means that having different cannabis compounds together might make the CBD work better. Users of full-spectrum CBD might get more benefits because of how these compounds work together. See our article on CBDa vs. CBD.

  1. Broad spectrum CBD products

Broad-spectrum CBD products are similar to full-spectrum but without the THC. They still have a mix of useful cannabinoids from the cannabis plant, like CBD, CBDa, CBC, CBGa, CBG, and CBN, plus other plant compounds. The idea is to keep the helpful interactions between these compounds, but without the THC. This way, people can potentially get more benefits from different plant parts working together. It's like a team effort for wellness without the THC element.

  1. CBD isolates

CBD isolates are pure CBD products that contain only cannabidiol, excluding all other cannabinoids, terpenes, and plant compounds found in the cannabis plant. These isolates are often in the form of a crystalline powder or solid CBD extract. Unlike full-spectrum or broad-spectrum CBD, isolates provide CBD in its most concentrated form without the entourage effect, as other beneficial compounds are removed. CBD isolates are favored by those who want to experience the effects of CBD without any trace of THC or other cannabis components. These products offer a precise and controlled CBD dosage, making them suitable for individuals who prefer to avoid THC or are subject to strict regulations. However, some users may miss out on potential synergistic benefits that could arise from the interaction of CBD with other cannabinoids and plant compounds present in full-spectrum or broad-spectrum products.

CBD products by type or mode of administration

These include the various types of CBD products available in the market. These products most include;

  • CBD Oil/Tinctures: these are liquid extracts of CBD that can be taken sublingually (under the tongue) for fast absorption. They usually come in small bottles with a dropper for precise dosing.
  • CBD Capsules/Pills: CBD capsules or pills are convenient and provide a pre-measured dose of CBD. They are taken orally and broken down through the digestive system.
  • CBD Edibles: CBD-infused edibles include a wide range of food products, such as gummies, chocolates, cookies, and more. Edibles are a tasty way to consume CBD, but their effects may take longer to kick in compared to tinctures.
  • CBD Topicals: CBD topicals are creams, balms, or lotions infused with CBD. They are applied directly to the skin and are commonly used for localized relief, such as for sore muscles or joints.
  • CBD Vapes: CBD vape products, such as vape pens or e-liquids, allow users to inhale CBD. Vaping provides fast absorption, but it's essential to use reputable products and be cautious about potential health risks associated with vaping.

Frequently asked questions

Is CBDa a type of CBD products?

CBDa is not a type of CBD product. CBDa is the original compound manufactured by the cannabis plant. It is later converted to CBD via the application or heat or the use of harsh chemicals. CBDa can be converted to CBD by keeping the cannabis plant for a long time.

What is the best type of CBD product?

Full spectrum CBD products offer the best effects.

Want to Learn More?

  1. How To Finally Quiet Your Mind In 6 Ways
  2. Is CBD Legal In All 50 States?
  3. How Long Does CBD Stay In Your System? What You Need To Know
  4. Living, Beyond Organic CBDa Oil Vs. Dead CBD
  5. Is CBD Safe? What You Should Know About It


A guide to cannabinoids and hemp oils.https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0025619619300072

Types of CBD. forbes article. https://www.forbes.com/health/cbd/types-of-cbd/

The content on Nesa's Hemp blog is for educational purposes only. We meticulously research and cite our sources, but advise consulting a professional before making decisions based on our information. We derive our content from reputable studies and publications, but individual circumstances may vary. We cannot guarantee the accuracy or applicability of our content to every situation. Nesa's Hemp blog and its authors are not liable for any loss or inconvenience resulting from reliance on our information. By using our blog, you waive any claims against us regarding the accuracy or completeness of our content.

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