Updated on February 17, 2024

How Safe is CBD?

Fact Checked

Key takeaways

  • Information from the WHO shows that pure, authentic CBD is safe for consumption and use.
  • CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence.
  • Humans can tolerate over 1500 mg of CBD per day without producing any adverse side effects.
  • Pure, authentic and verified CBD is safe for children.
  • The non-regulated nature of the CBD industry makes it almost impossible for parents and caregivers to have complete confidence in CBD products.
  • CBD is generally safe for women.
  • CBD is safe for men.
  • People who should avoid CBD include but are not limited to pregnant and breast feeding mothers, people who are planning to have a surgery, people who just had a surgery, and people with allergic reactions to CBD and hemp-based compounds.

Information from the WHO shows that pure, verified and authentic CBD is safe for consumption and use. It exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence. Research also shows that CBD is well tolerated by humans. Based on the findings of this research, humans can handle up to 1500 mg of CBD without any adverse side effects.

Is CBD safe for children?

Pure, verified and authentic CBD is safe for children as long as the dosage is right and the mode of administration does not involve smoking or subjecting the CBD to any harsh conversion. Why most professionals believe CBD is not safe for children can be attributed to the non-regulated nature of the industry. This non-regulated nature of the CBD industry makes it difficult and almost impossible for parents or caregivers to have complete confidence in CBD products.

A study published by JAMA shows that most CBD products are labeled incorrectly. This includes stating the wrong CBD and THC dosage thus predisposing users to unprecedented side effects.

Another report from Statista shows that about 28% of CBD companies don’t test for pesticides, 26% don’t test for heavy metals and 24% don’t test for microbial contaminants. Based on the 2023 report, only 7% of CBD companies in the U.S subject their products to the right testing procedures. This lack of testing can predispose children to several health challenges including cancer and death.

Is CBD safe for women?

CBD is safe for women. It contributes to hormone wellness and may serve as an important integrative medicine for female health. It boosts mental clarity in women and may play a significant role in dealing with menstrual cramps, swelling and pain relief.

Although this is largely debated, there are indications that CBD may help ease labor pains but we may need more scientific data to back up that claim.

Is CBD safe for men?

CBD is also safe for men’s health. Although there are indications suggesting chronic CBD use may be linked to reduced sperm viability, this needs to be further explored in scientific research since people have attested to using CBD to boost their fertility and combined with the fact that CBD may play a significant role in improving symptoms of erectile dysfunction.

Who should avoid CBD?

While CBD is generally considered safe for many people, there are certain individuals who should exercise caution or avoid CBD altogether. It's important to note that the following recommendations are general guidelines, and individuals should consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice based on their specific health conditions and medications. Here are groups of people who may need to be cautious about or avoid CBD:

  1. Pregnant and Breastfeeding Individuals: Limited research is available on the safety of CBD during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Due to potential risks, it is advisable for pregnant and breastfeeding individuals to consult with an expert before using CBD.
  2. People Taking Medications: CBD can interact with certain medications by affecting the metabolism of drugs in the liver. It's important for individuals taking medications to consult with an expert before using CBD to avoid potential interactions.
  3. Individuals with Liver Conditions: CBD is metabolized in the liver, and there is concern that it may affect liver function. Individuals with liver conditions should consult with an expert before using CBD.
  4. Allergic Reactions: While uncommon, some people may be allergic to components of CBD products. It's essential to monitor for any allergic reactions and seek medical attention if they occur.
  5. Individuals with Low Blood Pressure: CBD has been reported to cause a temporary drop in blood pressure. Individuals with low blood pressure should use CBD cautiously and monitor their blood pressure regularly.
  6. Previous Negative Reactions to CBD: Individuals who have experienced adverse reactions to CBD in the past should exercise caution and may consider avoiding it.
  7. Sensitivity to Cannabis Compounds: Some individuals may be more sensitive to the compounds found in cannabis, including CBD. Sensitivity can vary, and it's essential to start with low doses and monitor for any adverse effects.
  8. People Planning Surgery: CBD may have blood-thinning effects, and this could impact surgical procedures. Individuals planning surgery should inform their healthcare providers about CBD use, and in some cases, it may be recommended to stop CBD use a few weeks before surgery.

What are the factors affecting the safety of CBD?

CBD’s safety can be influenced by various factors some of which are listed below;

  1. Quality and Source of CBD Products: The safety of CBD products depends on their purity. High-quality products should be free from contaminants, such as pesticides, heavy metals, and residual solvents. CBD can be derived from hemp or marijuana. Hemp-derived CBD is legal in many places and contains minimal THC, the psychoactive component of cannabis.
  2. Dosage and Concentration: The appropriate dosage of CBD can vary from person to person. It's advisable to start with a low dose and gradually increase if needed. The concentration of CBD in a product affects its potency. Knowing the concentration helps in accurate dosing.
  3. Individual Variations: Individuals with different body weights and metabolic rates may respond differently to CBD. Factors such as age, overall health, and genetics can also play a role.
  4. Drug Interactions: CBD can interact with certain medications. It's important to consult with an expert if you are taking prescription medications, as CBD may affect their metabolism.
  5. Adulteration and Mislabeling: Some CBD products may be mislabeled, and their actual content may differ from what is stated on the label. Purchasing from reputable manufacturers can help mitigate this risk.
  6. Method of Administration: The way CBD is consumed can impact its safety. Methods include oral ingestion, inhalation, and topical application. Each method may have different absorption rates and potential side effects.
  7. Pre-existing Medical Conditions: Individuals with certain medical conditions may be more susceptible to potential side effects. It's important to consult with a healthcare professional if you have underlying health issues.

Want to Learn More?

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Postonogova, T., Xu, C., & Moore, A. (2020). Marijuana During Labour: A Survey of Maternal Opinions. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada, 42(6), 774-778. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jogc.2019.10.030

Iffland K, Grotenhermen F. An Update on Safety and Side Effects of Cannabidiol: A Review of Clinical Data and Relevant Animal Studies. Cannabis Cannabinoid Res. 2017 Jun 1;2(1):139-154. doi: 10.1089/can.2016.0034. PMID: 28861514; PMCID: PMC5569602.

Rapin, L., Gamaoun, R., Hage, C. E., Arboleda, M. F., & Prosk, E. (2021). Cannabidiol use and effectiveness: Real-world evidence from a Canadian medical cannabis clinic. Journal of Cannabis Research, 3. https://doi.org/10.1186/s42238-021-00078-w

Moltke, J., Hindocha, C. Reasons for cannabidiol use: a cross-sectional study of CBD users, focusing on self-perceived stress, anxiety, and sleep problems. J Cannabis Res 3, 5 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s42238-021-00061-5

Nyland, C. R., & Moyer, D. C. (2022). Regulating for Safety: Cannabidiol Dose in Food: A Review. Journal of Food Protection, 85(9), 1355-1369. https://doi.org/10.4315/JFP-21-374

The content on Nesa's Hemp blog is for educational purposes only. We meticulously research and cite our sources, but advise consulting a professional before making decisions based on our information. We derive our content from reputable studies and publications, but individual circumstances may vary. We cannot guarantee the accuracy or applicability of our content to every situation. Nesa's Hemp blog and its authors are not liable for any loss or inconvenience resulting from reliance on our information. By using our blog, you waive any claims against us regarding the accuracy or completeness of our content.

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